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Poster "Typhoon" class Russian submarine
A digital drawing of the Russian SSBN Submarine "Typhoon" class.
The Typhoons are known to be the largest Russian submarines, and arguably the largest submersibles in the world.
At the end of the 1970s, when the Americans unveiled their OHIO-class SSBN, the Soviets sought to counter them by offering a platform that was faster, quieter, and with greater missile range than their current class submarine "Yankee".
To do so, they will develop an unusual project, a nuclear submarine with the structure of a "catamaran" (in this case, two Delta 4 hulls next to each other). These two hulls reinforce the invulnerability of the submarine, its habitability (for longer and more comfortable patrols), and the possibility of carrying 20 R39 ballistic missiles (range of 10,000 km). Their mass is so imposing that they can break the thick layers of ice in the Artic.
Over 170 meters long for 23 meters, and nearly 48,000 tonnes underwater, the Typhoon is the submersible of all superlatives. Deployed in the 80s at the height of the Cold War with 6 units, they will continue their career under the Russian flag, although their usefulness is increasingly questioned.
Only one example remains to this day, the Dmitri Donskoy (TK 208), which is still used for testing the T30 Bulava missile. However, he is expected to retire soon after 40 years of good and loyal service. These submarines are also at the heart of the plot of the novel "In pursuit of Red October", which features an improved Typhoon.
Poster produced on iPad Pro and Procreate in 2020.
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